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To use your Power-Assisted Bicycle (PAB) in Singapore, you must ensure that it is type-approved, sealed and registered with a registration number plate.

At a glance

Understanding Power-Assisted Bicycles (PAB)

Before you purchase your PAB, please note that:

  1. PABs must be type-approved, sealed and registered before they can be used on public roads and cycling paths in Singapore.
  2. Only PABs that meet all the technical requirements can be registered.
  3. To register or ride a PAB, you must be at least 16 years old. You must also wear protective gear when riding a PAB.

If you fail to follow the requirements when using your PAB, you may face penalties.

Registering your PAB

If you are buying a registered PAB from a retailer, the retailer will transfer the registration to your name. Check that the PAB meets the technical requirements before buying it from the retailer.

 

If you are self-importing an unregistered PAB, you will need to bring it for type-approval, sealing and registration at any LTA-Appointed Inspection Centre (AIC). Before purchasing the PAB, please consult the PAB manufacturer to ensure that the PAB meets the technical requirements and the required documents can be obtained (which includes the complete EN15194:2017 test report issued by an accredited test laboratory).

 

If your PAB has already been inspected at an AIC before August 2017 and had an orange seal affixed, please write in to www.lta.gov.sg/feedback concerning your registration. PABs with blue seals are no longer allowed to be registered from 1 February 2018 onwards. 

 

You have to affix a registration number plate on your PAB once it is registered.

Transferring and deregistering your PAB

You may also transfer your PAB to another rider who meets the requirements.

 

If you are no longer using your PAB, you can also deregister it.

Related digital services

Transfer your PAB   

Deregister your PAB   

 

Understanding Power-Assisted Bicycles (PAB)


To keep Power-Assisted Bicycles (PABs) safe for riders and other road users, all PAB models must be approved by LTA.

You can only use a PAB on roads and shared paths, such as park connectors. PABs are not allowed on footpaths. Riders must wear protective gear when riding a PAB.

If you fail to follow the requirements when using your PAB, you may face penalties.

 

Technical Requirements

 

You must be at least 16 years old to use a PAB.

For your safety and the safety of other road users, your PAB must meet the following technical requirements:

  • The construction of a PAB must be similar to that of a conventional bicycle
  • The PAB can only be powered by an electric source
  • The PAB must comply with European Standard, EN15194, for electric power-assisted cycles
  • The maximum continuous power output of the PAB must not exceed 250 watts
  • The motor power of the PAB can only cut in when the rider starts to pedal
  • The motor power of the PAB must be progressively reduced and finally cut off as the bicycle reaches 25km/h, or sooner, if the cyclist stops pedalling
  • The maximum weight of the PAB must not exceed 20kg
  • Click here for the list of approved PAB models

LTA will require all PABs that are sealed and registered from 1 July 2021 to comply with the EN15194:2017 standard. As such, EN15194:2009+A1:2011 compliant PABs cannot be sealed or registered from 1 July 2021.

EN15194:2009+A1:2011 compliant PABs previously sealed and registered before 1 July 2021 are not affected by this new requirement. Such PABs can still be used on roads and cycling paths and can have their registration transferred to new owners.

Power-assisted Bicycle
 

Registering your PAB


You must be at least 16 years old to register a PAB.

When you are buying a registered PAB from a physical store, online or second-hand, the retailer or seller will need to transfer the registration to your name. Check that the PAB meets the technical requirements before buying it from the retailer or seller.

If you are self-importing an unregistered PAB, you will need to bring it for type-approval, sealing and registration:

Step 1: Getting type-approval and a seal for your PAB

Bring along the following to any LTA-Appointed Inspection Centre (AIC):

  • Your PAB (the PAB must meet all technical requirements)
  • Completed application form (PAB01)
  • Required documents listed under 'Instructions & Notes' in the application form. This includes the complete EN15194:2017 test report issued by a test laboratory that is accredited to perform full EN15194:2017 testing.

List of selected AICs

PAB_seal
Upon approval, your PAB will be affixed with the above seal.
 

Announcement Shout-out

It is an offence to tamper with or remove the seal.

 

Step 2: Registering your PAB

Before you can use your PAB on public roads or shared paths, you will need to first register it. Registration of PABs is also done at the AIC, and it can be done at the same time you get your PAB type-approved and sealed.

Only PABs with a valid orange seal can be registered. 

If your PAB has already been inspected at an AIC before August 2017 and had an orange seal affixed, please write in to www.lta.gov.sg/feedback concerning your registration. PABs with blue seals are no longer allowed to be registered from 1 February 2018 onwards.


Step 3: Affixing a registration plate on your PAB

After you register your PAB, you must affix on it a plate bearing the registration number assigned by LTA within 3 calendar days.

You can get your registration number plate made at a vehicle or signcraft workshop. If you need help affixing your registration number plate, check directly with your retailer.

Your registration number plate should have the following specifications: 

Number plate specifications


The PAB number plate must be permanently affixed at a conspicuous location at the rear of the PAB, with characters facing the rear. Depending on the PAB’s design, the number plate can be affixed on:

  • The PAB’s original number plate mounting provision
  • The rear rack/mudguard
  • Customised plate mounting brackets

PAB_rear_requirements

The number plate must be affixed such that it will not pose a hazard to the rider and other users of the road or shared path.

 

Modifying your PAB


In the interest of safety, LTA prohibits modification and add-ons to PABs that would render the original testing and compliance to the EN15194 standard null and void. PAB users, including food delivery riders, are therefore urged to maintain their PAB in its stock condition as originally designed, tested, sealed and registered. A list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on PAB modifications is as follows.

Q1. What kind of modifications to PABs are disallowed?

Q2. Why are modifications that affect the EN15194 standard not allowed?

Q3. What modifications are allowed after a PAB model has been tested to the EN15194 standard?

 

Transferring ownership of your PAB


If you are transferring your PAB ownership, you must initiate the transfer process online within 7 calendar days of physically transferring the PAB to the next owner. The next owner has 5 calendar days to confirm the transfer or it will lapse and you will remain the registered owner.

Once the next owner confirms the transfer, he/she will have to pay the transfer fee of $11 (non-refundable).

Before you can start the transfer of your PAB, ensure that:

Steps to transfer ownership of your PAB

Step 1: The current owner initiates the transfer

Step 2: The next owner confirms the transfer


Deregistering your PAB


If you no longer wish to use your registered PAB, you may deregister it. There is no fee for deregistering a PAB.

Once you have deregistered your PAB, please ensure it is not kept or used on any roads, cycling paths or shared paths.

Deregister your PAB

Announcement Shout-out

To avoid committing an offence, do not use a deregistered PAB.