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It is the responsibility of all road users to ensure the safe use of roads. Learn about these safety features on the roads.

At a glance

Understanding road safety

Safety features on our roads help you stay safe on your journey:


Keeping the roads safe

You can do your part to keep our roads safe. If you see any defects or obstructions on the roads, report them to LTA.

Learn about LTA's Black Spot Programme, which targets areas with a high incidence of accidents to improve road safety.

Find out more

Find out more details on LTA.GOV


Understanding road safety

Being a responsible motorist is more than just following the rules. You can prevent accidents by driving carefully, especially around special zones such as School Zones and Silver Zones.

Our roads and traffic systems have safety features to help you stay safe on your journey. Below are several safety features you should pay attention to.

School Zones

School Zones are specially demarcated areas fronting a school, with the intent to help create a safer road environment for school-going children.

A School Zone refers to any part of a road that is:

  • Next to or near a school
  • In between School Zone signs
School Zone

Lower speed limits in School Zones help create a safer road environment for school-going children. A School Zone with a reduced speed limit of 40 km/h is in effect when you see the “40km/h When Lights Flash” sign flashing. The lights will flash:

On a school day:

  • From 6.30 am to 7.45 am
  • From 12 pm to 2.30 pm
  • From 6.00 pm to 7.00 pm


Any time a school event is in progress

When the lights are not flashing, the road will keep its original speed limit.

school zone

Additional traffic measures may be implemented in School Zones to further enhance road safety, including: 

  • Traffic calming measures such as road humps and speed regulating strips
  • Raised road surface at pedestrian crossings and signalised at-grade crossings
  • Parking restrictions
  • Railing to deter jaywalking

Enhanced School Zone

Safety features at Silver Zones

Silver Zones are areas with enhanced road safety measures which make it safer and more convenient for senior pedestrians to cross the roads. These features include distinctive signs, road features and markings which help to lower vehicle speeds and guide pedestrians to designated crossing points.

Silver Zone are found in selected housing estate with a higher population of seniors and relatively higher accident rates involving seniors, as well as areas near amenities which seniors frequent.

The speed limit in Silver Zones, where it is feasible to lower the speed limit, is generally 40km/h.

Silver Zone Gateway and setback kerb-cut ramp

Two-stage crossings



Low-height centre divider

Silver Zone bollards at crossings

Arm Rests at Bus Stops

Anti-Slip Coating on Drain Covers

Extended time for Green Man signal


Safety features at zebra and pedestrian crossings 

Zebra crossings

"LOOK" markings

Raised zebra crossing

Pedestrian Crossing Ahead Markings

“Give Way to Pedestrians” sign

Lighted road studs

Dashed pedestrian crossing lines

Flushed LED road studs


Safety features at traffic light junctions

Advance Warning Lights

Light Emitting Diode (LED) traffic lights

Right-turning pockets


Safety features along the roads 

Spring-loaded posts

Safety bollards

Crash cushion

Curve alignment markers


'Your Speed Sign'

Traffic calming markings

Profile Thermoplastic Road Markings


Road safety features for buses

Bus-friendly hump

Enhanced chevron zone (ECZ) at expressway bus stops


Public Street Lighting

Currently, street lights operate at seasonal sunrise and sunset timings. In the event of inclement weather, motorists should switch on their vehicle headlights for better visibility.

LTA is in the midst of implementing the Remote Control and Monitoring System (RCMS) which will allow for more responsive street lighting. With the RCMS, LTA can remotely control street lights in response to inclement weather, if required. The RCMS can also detect faults automatically, making maintenance more responsive and efficient.

LTA Street Lighting Guidelines

LTA Street Lighting Drawings


Keeping the roads safe 

Reporting road defects and obstructions


All road users share public road facilities such as bus shelters, footpaths, pedestrian overhead bridges and linkways. LTA, National Parks Board (NParks) and National Environment Agency (NEA) maintain these facilities regularly.

Help to keep road facilities in good condition by reporting any defects or obstructions, such as: 

  • Road defects e.g. potholes
  • Faulty traffic lights
  • Faulty street lights
  • Obstructions on public roads or footways

It is an offence to place articles on public roads and footways that obstruct the passage of road users and pedestrians. Such articles include skip bins, goods displays, tables and chairs, etc.

Road Obstructions
Articles obstructing public footway
Road Obstructions
Articles obstructing five-footway
Road Obstructions
Article obstructing public footway
Road Obstructions
Articles obstructing public road

Black Spot Programme

The Black Spot Programme targets locations with a high incidence of accidents to improve road safety. It follows the recommended best practice in Road Safety Engineering to identify and prioritise engineering measures to make our roads safer. Similar programmes have been carried out with positive results overseas, such as in the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. 

When a location is identified as a black spot, it is closely monitored and reviewed to improve road safety there. It usually takes at least three years to measure the effectiveness of schemes implemented under the Black Spot Programme. If the location shows a statistically significant reduction in accidents, it will be taken off the black spot list. Since the Black Spot Programme was introduced in 2005, LTA has successfully treated and removed 5 to 10 locations every year from the list.

While LTA seeks to continuously improve road safety through traffic engineering measures, road safety is still a shared responsibility.  It can only be achieved if road users observe traffic rules, and take responsibility for their own safety as well as for the safety of other road users.

LTA's efforts in road safety have garnered it the Edmund R. Ricker Transportation Safety Council Award (Organization) by the US-based Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) in August 2011.


List of Black Spot locations

Black Spot Treatments

Example 1: Controlled right-turn at Moulmein Road/Newton Road/Thomson Road

Monitoring period: 36 months

Number of accidents: 19 (before treatment); 7 (after treatment)


Before: Permissible filtering for right-turn



   After: Fully-controlled right turn (red-amber-green arrows)


Example 2: Geylang Road (Bet Lor 21 Geylang & Aljunied Road/Lor 20 Geylang)

Monitoring period: 36 months

Number of accidents: 33 (before treatment); 8 (after treatment)



Before: Pedestrians frequently jaywalk in this area across the 5-lane road




After: Signalised pedestrian crossing installed near Geylang Lorong 20

Find out more about road safety

Learn more about road safety measures employed by LTA on