To operate a bus on the road, you need to meet different licensing and permit requirements, depending on the type of bus. To learn how to register a bus, click here.
At a glance
There are different licensing requirements for the 5 types of buses:
You also need to apply for an LTA permit or licence to:
Learn about blind spot safety requirements for buses with maximum laden weight (MLW) over 8,000kg.
To operate a bus ferrying school children, you must comply with the additional safety requirements.
Buses are allowed to carry standing passengers subject to certain conditions.
You should also take note that buses are not allowed in the Sentosa Gateway Tunnel.
Find out more
There are 5 types of buses. A bus can only be used for the purpose for which it is registered.
- A Private Bus is used to ferry employees or people related to the business of the bus owner.
- A Private Hire Bus is used to ferry children to and from schools or workers to and from their workplace. It can also be chartered out under a contract to a single party at any one time.
- An Excursion Bus is mainly used to ferry tourists. It can also be used to ferry school children and workers.
- A School Bus is used to ferry school children and school staff to and from school. It can also be used to ferry workers to and from their workplace, if the bus has an Adult Workers’ Contract (AWC) permit.
- An Omnibus is a bus operated by public transport operators.
Private Hire Bus
Driving an Omnibus
Blind spot safety requirements for buses with MLW over 8,000kg
To improve the safety of vehicles and other road users, buses with maximum laden weight (MLW) over 8,000kg which are registered from 1 October 2015 must be equipped with mirrors or camera devices to cover blind spot areas on the left and front of the bus. This is in addition to the previous requirement of having two rear view mirrors. The additional blind spot mirrors or devices will help bus drivers to better detect pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and other motorists who are in their blind spots, reducing the risk of accidents when buses turn at traffic junctions or change lanes. Buses with MLW over 8,000kg include school buses and coaches.
You can approach your vehicle’s authorised agent for advice on how to meet the requirements.
For buses with MLW over 8,000 kg which are registered before 1 October 2015, bus owners can choose to either retrofit the additional blind spot mirrors or camera devices, or install a Fresnel lens (at least A4 size) on the passenger side window.
The Fresnel lens gives the driver a better view of the blind spot directly next to the passenger door.
The list of companies that supply compliant A4-sized Fresnel lens can be found below.
List of Companies Supplying Fresnel Lens
Buses must meet the requirements for additional blind spot mirrors or devices in order to pass their periodic inspections.
Increased Visibility for Buses Carrying School Children
Automatic Activation of Hazard Warning Lights
Installing safety features for buses
To install safety features for buses, contact the Singapore School and Private Hire Bus Owners Association (SSPHBOA), or the Singapore School Transport Association (SSTA).
Avoid penalties by complying with the safety requirements. Offenders can be fined up to $2,000, or jailed up to 6 months.
From 31 May 2018, an Excursion Bus, a Private Hire Bus, Private Bus and School Bus are allowed to carry standing passengers, if the bus meets the technical requirements and completes the application procedure.
School children below 18 years of age are not allowed to stand in the bus, when the bus is used for ferrying school children to and from school or to other places for school-organised activites.
The technical requirements are:
- The bus’ maximum laden weight exceeds 3,500kg, or it has a seating capacity more than 15 persons (excluding the driver)
- The bus is fitted with enough handrails or handstraps for the safety of standing passengers
Apply to Carry Standing Passengers
Find out more about buses
Learn more about bus policies on LTA.GOV